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Woodworking Beginners Top Tip: Cut Once … Measure Twice

PART 4 OF THE COMPLETE WOODWORKING GUIDE FOR BEGINNERS

A lot of woodworkers don’t pay enough attention to the most basic tools present in their workshop.

They spend most of their time trying to pick the best clamps, scrapers, chisels, special jigs, hand planes, woodworking machinery and all other accessories that can make their work run more accurately and smoothly.

What is actually missing is taking note (measuring) and marking tools.

The equipment you have at hand now, try to look each of them in the way of marking and measuring tools.

A lot of common and frequent issues that are experienced in woodworking aren’t just about the joints that were not properly fitted, casework and the four-sided figure frames; you can trace each of the errors you’ve experienced the past weeks to marking and measuring mistakes.

What really causes the error is using the incorrect marking and measurement for the job.

Most woodworking projects these days often forget to include a measuring tape as part of the most important tools to check for accuracy in measurements.

The first thing you should do while handling a woodwork project is to mark and measure the linear dimensions.

Trust me, mistakes and miscalculations as little as 100th of an inch when marking out and measuring may later end up as wide gaps in joints or might even make you get less-than-perfect or undesirable results.

This will depend largely on how correctly you can interpret a measurement into a set mark on a piece of wood.

Although a very difficult task, probably because tape measures aren’t supposed to lay flat, you still have to make the right measurements to get the right results. A readable and accurately calibrated measuring and marking tool is an important tool that should be beside you for all your woodwork projects.

A readable and accurately calibrated measuring and marking tool is an important tool that should be beside you for all your woodwork projects.

TAPE AND RULES MEASURES

The best measuring and marking tools are quite cheap, so a lot of woodworkers try to get different tape and rules measure for different purposes.

However, you can still make use of the same measuring tool or rule for the whole of your project, should in case there is an issue of variation between other tools in use.

So, it’s best that you get tape measures and rulers with metric and standard graduations, but be careful not to confuse the different systems once you start marking out a workpiece.

To make it easier, you can measure a piece of wood in the right way and then manipulate the template for other pieces if you’re going to need more than one of the same size, this will really save you in the measuring and marking department.

Tape Measure - Beginners Woodworking ToolsTape measure: Steel tapes that are retractable measuring across 16ft, which is about 2 to 5m long are most times graduated along the edges.

The function of the lock button on the measuring tape is to prevent it from retracting automatically.

There are some measuring tapes that incorporate crystal display, the type that indicates how far the tape has been pulled from its source; a built-in memory has been coupled with the tape to hold the measurements down even after the tape has been retracted.

There are also self-adhesive steel tapes that you can attach to the front of a workbench.

Four-fold ruler: This is one of the most popular tools traditional artists use.

The ruler is made with brass hinges from boxwood.

Most of these rulers are about a meter in length at its full extension.

Due to its thickness, there’ll be a need for you to make use of a wooden rule so measurements can accurately be transferred to the work.

There are also some other rulers made from plastic with beveled edges to solve this kind of issue.

Straightedge: You must have at least one sturdy metal straight edge in your workshop, measuring at least between 500mm and 2m long.

The importance of this edge is to make perfect and accurate cuts using a marking knife, and also to check that a planned surface is flat.

T-BEVELS AND SQUARES

beginners woodworking t bevel toolThe reason why you should include these tools to the ones you have in your workshop is to be sure that your planes and edges are at right angle to one another. It might not only

It might not only be edges and planes, but also might be the fence of a jointer, the shoulder of a Tenon, the edge of a board and much more.

Square is more of an abstract term because if you look at it closely, nothing is actually really square, it’s just that a lot of things approach the idea of being square than others.

In woodworking, there are about three basic types of squares that are used; they are:

Square is more of an abstract term because if you look at it closely, nothing is actually really square, it’s just that a lot of things approach the idea of being square than others. In woodworking, there are about three basic types of squares that are used; they are:


Try squares:

Beginners Woodworking PlansA large percentage of furniture makers uses the try square.

The try square is made up of blades of steel or brass (about 12in long) set in a metal stock or a thicker wood.

If you’re making use of wood as the stock, you should face it with metal so the work can be of long- term accuracy.

Trysquares are reliable and one of the best tools to have in your corner.

 

 

 

Engineer’s square:

These are of the same design with the try squares just that the engineer’s is entirely made of steel.

The length of the blade approximately starts at 2 in.

Engineer’s square seems to be more reliable and durable than try squares; I’d say this is because we have a lot of engineers demanding that woodworkers.

However, the square can still be used interchangeably with try squares in the workshop.

Framing squares:

Framing squares are composed of house building.

They are made up of two large blades forming a right angle.

One of the blades is 24in long by 2in wide, while the other is about 18in long by 1in.

These squares aren’t as precise as the engineer’s square or the try squares.

MARKING TOOLS

Pencils: pencil is a basic requirement that every shop should have, it’s essential to make out designs and also make markings on the woods to keep track of which piece fits together where and also the joined surfaces.

Beginners Woodworking PlansKnives: Another tool that should not be found wanting in any wood maker’s workshop is the knife.

You’re going to need knives for different tasks, some of which include the cutting of cardboard templates and marking out Tenon shoulders.

The tool is a preference, be it box cutters, pocket knives, and even utility knives with retractable blades will do a perfect job in the wood making workshop.

Awls: Awls are pointed, sharp Instruments with numerous use.

The different designs are known with the thickness of their shafts and the fineness of the different points.

A well-pointed awl, for instance, will be the perfect tool to mark out scribing lines, joinery, and thick-shanked design while the other pointed one will do a good job if used for making pilot holes in woods before drilling.

 

 

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